March 28, 1866: First hospital ambulance goes into service

Hospital ambulance service may have been introduced prior to 1866, but the first official record of such a thing in this country is in the employee records of the Commercial Hospital (now the General Hospital) in Cincinnati, Ohio. On the list of the hospital's employees for the year ending February 28, 1866, is employee #27, James A. Jackson, listed as "driver of ambulance" at an annual salary of $360. A similar service was started in June, 1869, by Bellevue Hospital in New York City. The tradition of the medic (one who removes wounded soldiers from the battlefield for medical treatment) dates back to the eleventh century (see "History of St. John's Ambulance" below.)